Posts Tagged With: egypt temples

Top Five Temples in Egypt.

Top Five Temples in Egypt :

1- Karnak

Its Pylons and Great Hypostyle Hall are on an epic scale, reflecting the supermacy of the cult of Amun during the New Kingdom.

Karnak Temple in Luxor Egypt

Karnak Temple in Luxor Egypt

2- Dendara

The Temple’s magnificent astronomical ceiling has been restored to its original bright colours, unseen for centuries.

Dendera Temple complex - Upper Egypt

Dendera Temple complex - Upper Egypt

3- Deir el-Bahri

Overhung by sheer cliffs, Queen Hatshepsut’s temple is almost Modernist in its linear simplicity.

Hatshepsut temple , Luxor Egypt

Hatshepsut temple , Luxor Egypt

4- Abydos

Seti I’s mortuary temple contains some of the finest bas-reliefs from the New Kingdom, retaining much of their original colours.

Abydos temple - Upper Egyp

Abydos temple - Upper Egyp

5- Abu Simbel

This rock-hewn sun-temple is a monument to unabashed egoism, dominated by four colossi of Ramses II.

Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt.

Abu Simbel in Nubia, southern Egypt.


Posted by : Memphis Tours Egypt
Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955

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Egypt: Miles Of Nile And Worlds Of Wonder !



Sphinx and the Pyramids

Sphinx and the Pyramids

Egypt is consistently the top destination for world travel each and every year – and not surprisingly so. The country uniquely bridges the African and Asian continents across the Suez Canal by possession of the Sinai Peninsula. This key positioning has guaranteed Egypt a major role in the strategic and historic relationships between the east, west, north and south of Africa, Europe, Asia and the more direct Middle East beginning more than 5000 years ago when the first Kingdom of Egypt was unified. In addition to a most remarkable past, Egypt offers the eager traveler thriving international cities, lavish Red Sea resorts, fabled oases and literally hundreds of miles of ancient pharaoh monuments along the Nile River Valley.

Water, Torch and Tomb

When Muslim Arabs introduced Egyptians to Islam in the 7th century, much of the already weary monuments of the native dynasties became even less central to national heritage. Luckily, a renewed interest in archeological preservation over the past few centuries has kept these ancient wonders intact for the world to continue to enjoy. The ideal place to begin is Cairo, where the Egyptian Museum boasts hundreds of thousands of artifacts and will give you an opportunity to catch up your knowledge of ancient Egyptian history from the 4th grade. Nearby are the breathtaking Giza Pyramids and the Sphinx, cut from a single slab of stone over 4,000 years ago, which can be viewed more peacefully beyond the crowds from horseback. South of Cairo, Upper Egyptoffers a string of exciting temple towns between legendary Luxor and Aswan, including the Valley of the Kings. Although King Tutankhamen’s Tomb rests here, it is not nearly as impressive as the surrounding royal tombs, particularly the general-kings of the Ramesses Dynasties.

A Little Ocean with your Sand?

Aside from the Nile River Valley, Egypt is largely made up of the Saharan desert to the south and west; however, Egypt also happens to be a first class resort destination with nearly all (500 miles) of its eastern edge bordered by the tranquil azure waters of the Red Sea Coast. Visit the lively town of Harghada where traditional Egyptian life intermingles with international resort luxury. This area is extremely popular for scuba diving and snorkeling with its numerous underwater shipwrecks, sea caves and exotic fish. There are a multitude of islands to which you can escape by ferry or paddle boat and many small fishing towns for a little peace, quiet and local flavor added to your vacation.

The Mediterranean coastline also provides a nice break from the rolling sand dunes. Alexandriais Egypt’s busting port city with more Greek and French flare than the rest of the country. The city’s history is extremely eclectic, making a stroll through the streets feel like a wander across cultures and time periods. Alex the Great staged his resistance against the Romans from Alexandria, bringing a large population of Greeks with him, and for a short period Napoleon had managed to gain control of the ancient city.

Remember that Egypt is both ancient and modern. Travel to Egypt is not only about the archeological wonders and bone-chilling tales but also about the experience of a nation that is geopolitically and economically central to its larger surrounding region, a nation that is just as crucial to the identity of North Africa as it is to the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Egyptis justifiably as monumental today as the Giza Pyramids that symbolize the nation’s heritage.


Posted by: Yasmine Aladdin.

Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955.

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New Discoveries at Taposiris Magna, west of Alexandria, Egypt

New Discoveries at Taposiris Magna

The recently discovered royal statue, possibly depicting Ptolemy IV.

Archaeologists have unearthed a huge headless granite statue of an as yet unidentified Ptolemaic king at the temple of Taposiris Magna, 45 km west of Alexandria. The joint Egyptian-Dominican team is supervised by Dr. Zahi Hawass, Secretary General of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA).

Egypt’s Culture Minister Farouk Hosni announced the find, adding that the mission has also located the original gate of the temple as well as evidence that the temple, dedicated to the god Osiris, was built according to traditional ancient Egyptian design.

Dr. Hawass said that the mission, which works in collaboration with the Dominican archaeologist Kathleen Martinez, found that the statue is very well preserved and might be one of the most beautiful statues carved in the ancient Egyptian style. The statue represents the traditional shape of an ancient Egyptian king wearing collar and kilt. Hawass believes that the statue may belong to king Ptolemy IV.

Hawass said that the temple’s original gate is located on the temple’s western side along with limestone foundation stones that once outlined the entrance. One of these foundations, explained Hawass, bears traces indicating that the entrance was lined with a series of sphinx statues similar to those of the pharaonic era.

Dr. Martinez began excavation work at Taposiris Magna five years ago in an attempt to locate the tomb of the well-known lovers, Queen Cleopatra VII and Mark Antony, as evidence implies that Queen Cleopatra was not buried inside her tomb built beside her royal palace, which is now under the eastern harbor of Alexandria.

Hawas pointed out that in the past five years, the mission has discovered a collection of headless royal statues, which may have been subjected to destruction during the Byzantine and Christian eras. A collection of heads featuring Queen Cleopatra were also uncovered along with 24 metal coins bearing Cleopatra’s face. A necropolis was also discovered behind the temple that contained many Graeco-Roman style mummies. Early investigations, said Hawass, show that the mummies were buried with their faces turned toward the temple, which means it is likely the temple contained a significant royal personality.

Reference: Zahi Hawass’s blog

Posted by : Yasmine Aladdin

Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955.

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Tutankhamun DNA shows family tree history

The pharaoh Tutankhamun was discovered in his tomb in Egypt in 1922, by the British archaeologist Howard Carter.

Since then his real identity has remained a mystery.

In recent years the advance in DNA profiling has given hope that the king’s family connections could be revealed.

The results of important DNA tests, carried out over the past two years in Cairo, have now been announced at the TutankhamunExhibition in Dorchester.

Although Dorset has no direct link to the pharaohs, the exhibition has been in existence for 21 years, and is internationally acclaimed.

It is also one of the few exhibits of its kind, outside of Egypt.

Tim Batty, the General Manager of the exhibition, said: “The research has helped to establish a family tree for Tutankhamun, which is something we didn’t really know before.”

The report, which is on display in the Tutankhamun Exhibition in Dorchester, traces back to the pharaoh’s great grandparents.

Tim said: “It’s firmed up some of the things we already suspected.

“It’s proved that the mummy in ‘Tomb 35’ [in the Valley of the Kings – a valley in Egypt where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for the kings and powerful nobles of the New Kingdom] was Tutankhamun’s mother, but archeologically it hasn’t been proved who that person was yet.

“The tests have also shown that Tutankhamun’s father was buried in ‘Tomb 55’ – again it still hasn’t been proved exactly who this person was, but it has always thought to have been Akhenaten [a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty of Egypt, he ruled for 17 years and died in 1336 BC or 1334 BC].”

DNA sequencing has also shown that Tutankhamun’s mother and father had a sibling relationship.

Tim said: “Ancient Egyptian relationships are fairly complicated in that there was quite a lot of intermarriage between brothers and sisters.

“Marriage was very different compared to what we know today.”

More about disease and possible causes of death have been revealed in the report too.

Tim explained: “The cause of death of Tutankhamunhas never been known.

“Originally, due to a mark on the back of his skull, it was thought that he had been hit over the head, or had fallen off his chariot and hit his head.

“However a CT scan [brain scan using x-rays] was done about two or three years ago and it was proved that the blow to the back of his head wouldn’t have been severe enough to cause death.

“Later a break on his leg was discovered and it was then put forward that septicemia [the presence of bacteria in the blood] may have caused his death, if the break hadn’t healed properly.

“That was the current theory until now – it’s now been proved through this latest report that he had malaria as well.

“So we’re getting a picture of quite a frail king, despite the fact he was young – he was only 19 when he died.

“He obviously had malaria, but whether this is what killed him is yet to be proved.

“It was quite prevalent in those days, because of the marshland near the River Nile [in Egypt], which attracted the mosquitoes – so it would have been possible to live with the disease, but not actually die from it.”

Reference :

Posted by : Yasmine Aladdin.

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Enjoy Easter Holiday & Vacation in Egypt

Happy Easter in Egypt


Don’t waste time and book our Easter holiday offers with Memphis Tours to enjoy the best time in Egypt within the Egyptian Pharaonic atmosphere. Wander among the most awesome places in Egypt. Experience our luxurious Nile Cruise in the charming Nile River between Luxor & Aswan to enjoy the festival aspects of the Egyptian people.

Enjoy our programs in Egypt during Easter Holiday

Happy Easter with Royal Lilly Nile Cruise

Easter Holidays & Tours in Egypt

Budget Holidays & Tours During Easter

For more offers & programs visit our website:

Posted by Fatma

Memphis Tours Egypt.

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New Discoveries in the Valley of the Kings

Valley of the Kings in Western Thebes

Valley of the Kings in Western Thebes

In November, 2007, a new chapter in the history of the Valley of the Kings began when the first all-Egyptian team ever to work at the site began excavations under the direction of Dr.Zahi Hawass. Hawass announced the team has recently made many important and exciting discoveries, which are revolutionizing our understanding of one of the most mysterious and fascinating places in Egypt. There are still a number of kings and other royals who were probably buried in the Valley of the Kings, but whose tombs have not yet been found. The resting places of Ramesses VIII, Thutmose II, and the queens and princes of the 18th Dynasty are still unknown. Hawass believes that there are still many treasures left to be discovered in the valley.

The Valley of the Kings is one of the richest and most fascinating archaeological sites in the world. It was here that in 1922, Howard Carter found the tomb and treasures of Tutankhamun (KV62), perhaps the most sensational discovery in the history of archaeology. In 2005, a team from the University of Memphis in the United States located the first new tomb found in the valley since Tutankhamun. bringing the number of known tombs to 63, of which 26 belonged to kings. Although explorers and archaeologists have been combing the Valley of the Kings for centuries, not a single tomb has been found to date by an Egyptian. Dr. Hawass and his team hope to change this statistic. They are working in three different areas: between the tombs of Merenptah and Ramsses II on the northern side of central valley; in the area to the south of the tomb of Tutankhamun; and in the Western Valley, where the tombs of Amenhotep III and Ay are located. Each of these excavations has revealed important information.

In the area in the cliffs between the tombs of Ramesses 11 and Merenptah

Hawass  and his team have found a man-made drainage channel that probably helped prevent, the flooding of the royal tombs in the vicinity.

Masses of stone piled near a manmade wall at the base of the cliff represent a collection area for run off from the occasional rains in the high desert that have inundated the Valley of the Kings since ancient times. The area at the base of the channel is probably the location mentioned in an ostracon as the site where a sacred tree once grew, and the “tears of the gods” were collected. A small, sheltered area off to the side of the channel, where the team found a stone basin that may have held food and water, probably served as a resting place for the workmen.

In the central valley to the south of the tomb of Tutankhamun, the team has found the remains of small structures made of stone. These buildings were probably used for storage, perhaps of food and other items intended for offerings or, of embalming materials. The team also uncovered a number of workmen’s huts, which were  identified but never excavated by Howard Carter, and a cave cut into the rock to the south of the tomb. This cave was probably used as a shelter by the workmen. The excavation area is in the vicinity of the Amarna Period tombs KV63 to the southeast and KV55 to the northeast. It is possible that if important figures from this era, such as  Nefertiti, for instance, were reburied in the Valley of the Kings after the city of Akhetaten was abandoned, their tombs would be in this area. Hawass’ team is working not only in the area immediately to the south of the tomb of Tutankhamun, but also in the area north and east of the tomb of Seti I. They have found traces of cutting in the bedrock underneath the modern rest house, which may lead to a previously unknown tomb. Unfortunately, it would be necessary to remove the entire building to explore this area, so they will not be able to do so in the imme­diate future. A radar survey of the central valley was recently conducted in co-operation with an American team. The radar identified a number of areas of interest, and further analysis of the data may reveal features that warrant archaeological investigation.

Hawass’ team have made a number of remark­able finds. They have found hundreds of graffiti, most of them previously unknown. One unique example tells us that the vizier Userhat built a tomb for his father, the vizier Amonnakht, in the place known as set-maat, or “place of truth”. An inscription mentioning a previously unknown queen, the first part of whose name reads “Weret”. This woman bore the title of “god’s wife”,  an important religious office held by royal women beginning in the early 18th Dynasty. A beautiful painted ostracon showing a queen presenting offerings was also discovered, in addition to inscriptions of the cartouches of Ramesses II and Seti I. In addition, the team has discovered pieces of beautiful painted pottery dating to the New Kingdom

Finally, the team is working in the Western Valley, known in Arabic as the “wadi el-quroud,” or “valley of the monkeys”. The tombs of Amen-hotep III and Ay are both located in this area. Queen Tiye, the mother of Akhenaten, was the wife of Amenhotep III and possibly the sister of Ay. If she was buried in the Valley of the Kings, her tomb might have been carved out near that of her husband, and if Ay were in fact her brother, it would be all the more appropriate for her tomb to be near his as well. It will be interesting to see what excavations in this area will reveal. The Valley of the Kings still holds many secrets. Hawass and his team will continue to explore this fascinating site in order to add to our understanding of Egypt’s past

For more Sightseeing Tours in Luxor check this link

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What do you know about Philae Temple in Egypt the Ancient Egyptian Temple


Philae Temple in egypt

Philae Temple location: It is situated 5 km from Aswan train station. Who built it? It was built by some of the Ptolemaic kings such as Ptolemy 8th and Ptolemy 12th.

Why was it built? The temple was built on the honor of goddess Isis the chief deity of the island.


The Philae temple was reorganized on the island of Agilkia as it was on Philae Island. The construction of this temple consists of the Mammisi, which is in the center and the ambulatory is behind it, then there are two pylons to the north and to the south.

To the left of the smaller pylon, there is the main temple of goddess Isis. To the right of the large pylon, there is the long open court which extends to the south of the island.

Ptolemy I made this island to be a cult center of goddess Isis to create a struggle between the priests of goddess Isis – which was the goddess of Philae temple – and the priests of god Khunum. According to this struggle, he could be able to know what happened in the southern borders of the country.


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Vacation with the Egyptian Ancients

Luxor and Aswan provide an escape to the ancient worldluxor31

It might seem a bit difficult to squeeze a visit to Luxor or Aswan in a weekend, but if you enjoy seemingly endless train rides punctuated by beautiful scenery and glimpses of bucolic Nile-side life, then you should enjoy the 12-hour train ride from Cairo. Two trains that depart from Giza seven days a week. No matter how you get there, your final destination has incredible natural scenery and sacred monuments enough to fit a weekend, or if you’re lucky and can win your boss over, a week-long adventure.


For many tourists, the Karnak Temple, with its mammoth hypostyle hall of 134 columns in 16 rows, is the highlight of Luxor. The main difference between Karnak and other monuments in Egypt is the length of time over which it was built. An estimated 30 pharaohs contributed to its construction, which started in the twentieth century BC. For nearly 2,000 years, subsequent pharaohs added to their predecessors’ work, bringing Karnak to reach a size, complexity and diversity that has not been seen anywhere else in the region or the world. This complex covers a total area of almost 100 hectares.

Karnak is best done in two trips, one during the day to truly appreciate the massive stonework and structure; and the other a night visit for the Sound and Light Show. The latter offers a concise history lesson about Karnak’s major landmarks in a far more entertaining package than your grade-school studies. Shows are available in English, German, Italian, French, Russian, Japanese and Arabic.

The standard guided tour of Thebes includes stops at the Colossi of Memnon, the Valley of the Kings (one ticket allows entrance to three tombs), Valley of the Queens (one ticket allows entrance to two tombs) and either Medinat Habu or Deir El-Bahri (Temple of Queen Hatshepsut), plus a couple of papyrus and alabaster shops where your guide will undoubtedly tell you he’s getting a special price just for you.

First-time visitors would do well with a guided tour to get the lay of the land, but history buffs and archeology buffs should look into setting up their own itineraries either alone or with a private guide.
A good way to escape the crowds is to visit the less popular sights that many tourists and package tours ignore. The Tombs of the Nobles have beautiful and well-preserved wall paintings, while at the Valley of Artisans you can see the former home of the workers and craftsmen who served the pharaohs.
Luxor also has some of the best Pharaonic museums in the nation. The Luxor Museum and the Mummification Museum are both well maintained with well-labeled and artistically lit displays. You can see the mummies of Ramses I and Ahmes I in the Luxor Museum without purchasing an additional ticket, unlike the royal mummy rooms at the Egyptian Museum in Cairo. The Luxor Museum also has a excellent collection of statues, including several found in a cachette at Luxor Temple.
Ruins may not seem terribly romantic, but after a long day of sightseeing, a horse-drawn carriage along the Corniche or a felucca at sunset offer distinct possibilities in that department.
In terms of accommodation, Luxor suits all budgets from zero- to five-star. If you have the time, set up one half-day tour per day: Four hours of tombs and temples isn’t so daunting when you know a Nile-side hotel pool is waiting.


About 230 kilometers upriver is Aswan, with its scenic sunsets and clear waters. If there ever a winter destination in this country, Aswan is it: During the summer, the Upper Egyptian heat is unbearable and sticky, the city at its best from October to April, when temperatures are cool enough to let you enjoy a walk on the corniche or a felucca ride at the break of dawn.
Compared to its neighbor to the north, Aswan has fewer historical sights, although they are equally as breathtaking. Chief among them are Elephantine Island, Kitchener’s Island and Philae Island.
Elephantine Island, a former ivory trading post that also earned its name from the boulders on its shore that resemble bathing elephants, is the largest island in Aswan. The Nubian villages and ruins here date back to the Pre-Ehnastic period. From Elephantine’s northwest corner you can see Kitchener’s Island, a botanical garden filled with exotic plants and trees imported from all around the world The island is named after Lord Horatio Herbert Kitchener, who led a successful British campaign in Sudan against Mahdist forces in the 1890s. This place is perfect for a lazy afternoon, a nap under a tree or a picnic with friends.

Elephantine Island also has a splendid view of the Aga Khan Mausoleum, the final resting place of the forty-eighth imam of Ismaili Muslims, on the west bank. The building was constructed in 1950. Even though the mausoleum is not open to visitors, you can still arrange a trek up to the top of the hill and enjoy the incredible view of the valley.

Other west-bank sites worth visiting are the seventh-century Monastery of St. Simeon, open daily 7am-5pm. The structure stretches over two levels, which include a church, shops and breathtaking views. You might want to stop at the Pharaonic tombs of the nobles Mekhu, Sabni, Sarenput II, Harkhuf, Pepinakht and Sarenpit I if you haven’t yet had your fill of Ancient Egypt.

One of the tourist standards is a visit to the High Dam, not very aesthetic but a refreshing change from the Pharaohs. Construction on the 11,811-foot long dam which provides irrigation and electricity. While on top of the dam, you can see the Kalabsha Temple on the edge of Lake Nasser stretching to the south.
Far to the south on the shores of Lake Nasser are the temples of Abu Simbel. Hotels and tour agents can help set up an all-day bus excursion to the temples, which might also include visits to Aswan’s antiquities. Egypt air also offers Aswan-Abu Simbel flights with transportation to the temples and a couple of hours to visit.

In the lake between the High Dam and the Aswan Dam are the Greco-Roman temples of Philae Island. The temples were rescued by a UNESCO project, which moved many of the endangered sites to a higher and safer ground. This temple, dedicated to three of the most powerful and dominant deities of ancient Egyptian culture (Isis, Osiris and Horus) symbolizes their tragic story of murder, betrayal and magic.

With the greenery edging the island and the blue backdrop of the sky, Philae, reached by motorboat, is one of the prettiest antiquities sites in the whole country. The temples also host a Sound and Light show that tours you through the temples..
While in Nubia, eat at the Nubian Restaurant. Usually the meal consists of a choice of chicken or fish with a curry-like sauce served with rice and flat bread, followed by a show with Sufi dancers and musicians; dinner and show cost about LE 100 per person, ect.

We can arrange to you a program to see all sites in Luxor, Aswan & Abu Simbel. You can visit this link to choose you favorite tour:

Source: Egypt Today Magazine

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The Egyptian monuments of El-Muez Street are getting a makeover

El Muez Street

El Muez Street

Imams, rabbis and priests all frequently crossed paths in Old Cairo back in the day when mosques and churches and synagogues all inhabited the same districts. In a city that has been home to a number of religions and cultures over the centuries, you’d be hard pressed not to find remnants of each era if you look hard enough.
As Egyptians, we’re all proud of our toorath, our heritage, but few of us take the time to really explore the architectural marvels that are literally on every street corner. The Citadel and the Egyptian Museum are as far as some have gone. Others have delved a bit deeper, pursuing the Fatimid, Mamluk and Ottoman monuments, but few remember that Islamic Cairo is only half of the beauty they can see.
Take a day out of your busy schedule and visit some of the most important Jewish, Muslim and Christian monuments in the city. There’s no better place to start than El-Muez Lideen Allah Street, the historic axis of Fatimid Cairo and a maze of over 30 mosques and monuments that span some 800 years. Stretching from the northern gate of Bab El-Futuh to Bab El-Zuweila on the southern wall, the two-kilometer street is the most important commercial thoroughfare of the old city. A walk down it can take you as little as 20 minutes or as long as a day.
The Supreme Council of Antiquities is in the middle of a LE 80 million project to restore El-Muez Street and the monuments lining it. Some 34 sites have been restored along the section of street running from the Qalaoun Complex to Beit El-Qadi, and the street itself has been turned into a cobblestone pedestrian zone.
Our walk starts at Bab El-Zuweila. Passing through the gate from El-Kheyemia (Tentmaker’s Alley), you find Sultan Al-MouaYed Sheikh Mosque on your left. A prison once stood on this site, and an incarcerated Al-Moua’yed vowed that if he ever came to power he would tear down the prison and build a mosque in its place. True to his word, he built the mosque in 1420, and today it is one of the city’s biggest, with a minaret that provides a panoramic view of medieval Cairo (LE 2 to climb)
On your right, opposite the mosque, you’ll find the Sabil-Kuttab of Nafisa El-Bayda. Built in 1796, the building houses a public water fountain (sabil) at street level and a Qur’anic school (kuttab) for children on the upper floor. El-Bayda began her life as a slave, but became an intermediary between Napoleon and Ibrahim Bey during the latter’s resistance of the French occupation.
Continue around the corner and next to a small jeweler’s shop you’ll find Hammam El-Sukkareya, a rare eighteenth-century men’s public bath that is still in use.
Further on is the El-Ghoureya area, where the Islamic monuments are a bit scarce for a few blocks. There is no shortage of shops, however, and you’ll have to haggle on the move as you dodge running children and porters pushing laden hand-trolleys.
At the intersection of El-Muez and Al-Azhar streets, you’ll find Al-Ghuri Mosque to your left with Al-Ghuri madrasa (school) and kbanqa (mausoleum) to the right. Built by Sultan Qansuh Al-Ghuri in 1505, the square between the two buildings was the site of Cairo’s silk market until the late 1800s. The madrasa-khanqa still hosts artistic and cultural events.
Cross Al-Azhar Street via the pedestrian bridge to explore the area’s spice shops. Here you’ll find an endless array of colorful spices and herbs used for everything from cooking and hair dyes to healing and aroma.
Just past the spice shops is the El-Moski neighborhood, which boasts the madrasa and mosque of Al-Ashraf Barsbay on the corner. Further down, the mosque and sabil-kuttab of Sheikh Mutahhar is on the opposite corner in another area called El-Na-hassen (the coppersmiths’ district)
Taking a right in front of the Qalaoun Complex, you can admire and walk beneath the hanging minaret of Madraset Al-Saleh Ayyub. Here in El-Moski you’ll also come across the Jewish Quarter, Harat Al-Yahud, and it is definitely worth a stop. It was once one of Cairo’s most famous neighborhoods and the center of a thriving Jewish community, home to a dozen synagogues. Today, it has become a run-down commercial district, and only two synagogues are left in the alley: the Maimonides Synagogue and the Haim Kapucci.
Moses Ben Maimon, the most illustrious figure in Judaism in the post-Talmudic era, was Sultan Salah Al-Din Al-Ayoubi’s personal physician and is the namesake for the Maimonides Synagogue where he used to teach religion. Egyptians would come from all over the country to visit the synagogue, spending the night and praying, hoping Maimonides would appear in their dreams and solve their health problems.
Backtrack to El-Muez Street, and passing Madraset Qalaoun on the left, you will find yourself in Bein El-Qassrein (between the palaces), the neighborhood that is the namesake of Naguib Mahfouz’s famous novel, Palace Walk. Take a left here to see the great Mosque of Sultan Barquq, built in 1386. Open for public visits, this is one mosque that is a must-see both inside and out.
On your right, you’ll see the beautiful Fatimid-era mosque of Al-Aqmar, built in 1125, the first mosque in Cairo to have a stone facade. Right outside is a market area for metal products and coffee-shop equipment, as well as the mosque and sabil-kuttab of Sulayman Agha Al-Silahdar, built in 1837 and featuring a curious mix of Ottoman and Cairene styles.
The last stop before finally reaching Bab El-Futuh is Al-Hakim bi Amr Allah’s Mosque, built in 1010 and named for the eccentric third Fatimid caliph. The recently restored mosque is impressive, but the caliph is better remembered as the ruler who banned the making of women’s shoes during his reign because he believed it was haram, or divinely prohibited. In its long history, the mosque has been used as Salah Al-Din’s stable, a garrison, a prison for the Crusaders, a fortress for Napoleon, and finally a local school.
You’ve earned a break, so pick up the makings of a great meal at the base of Bab El-Futuh, where there are markets, specializing in a particular product including lemons, onions, garlic and olives, ect.

Taken from Egypt Today Magazine

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Visit Tel EI-Amarna sightseeings in El-Minya Egypt

It is the place chosen by Akhenaton on the eastern bank of the Nile to build the capital of his kingdom called Akht Aton (Horizon of Aton) for the worship of Aton which is represented by the Sun disk emitting rays which end with human hands bestowing life on the universe. This area still has monuments of the temple and places where Akhenaton and his wife Nefertiti lived, and also the royal tombs of which the most important are Huya and Mery Ra II tomb and the tomb of the high priest Mery Ra 1st. The story of the site outshines the site itself. There is really little to see of Akhenaten’s capital of the 14th century BCE (1374-1360), both due to effective demolition of his enemies but also because large areas are still unexcavated. Of some unknown reason or inspiration, did Akhenaten declare the worship of the formerly inferior sun-god Aten, as the only accepted cult. Aten was declared as the only god. In cases where a new god was made the leading god, priests would declare all other gods as his subjects. But not this time. They were declared powerless, they were stripped of their divine powers. Akhenaten would head the first known monotheistic religion in world history. The move to Akhetaten, “Horizon of Aten” can be explained in several ways. Most important appears the need to distance himself from Thebes, the leading cult center of Egypt and also the capital for centuries. The position, in the middle of his dominion, may also have served practical needs. The fact that at this place, the sun rises between two mountains forming a wide “V” may also have created an idea that ft was a holy place. But the move had made priests and princes unemployed and in some cases ruined. At no time would Thebes accept the new religion and capital. How the Akhetaten period ended is unclear. There are no good records on when and how, and even if, Akhenaten died. A mummy has never been found. He was succeeded by Smenkhkare, a person we know nothing about. He is by some suggested to have been Akhenaten’s wife Nefertiti ruling in the disguise of a man. Others suggest that Smenkhkare was Akhenaten gay lover, while Nefertiti had been placed in house arrest in her palace.

Categories: Classical Tours, Cultural Tourism, Sightseeing Tours | Tags: , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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