Monthly Archives: August 2011

New Facts about Ancient Egyptian Mummies, “Mummy Beautification” !

It is a known fact that the process of beautification is an important part of the ancient Egyptian mummification process. To prepare for their afterlife, they decked up in beautiful garments and jewels.

However, a study by archaeologists at the KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology at the University of Manchester, UK has suggested new facts that might lead the term “mummy beautification” to a whole new level.

Studying hair samples from a total of 18 mummies, both males and females between the age of 4-58 years, the researchers found that their hair was styled using a “fat-based” gel.

The research published in the recent edition of the journal Nature, reveals that the researchers found the hair of the mummies coated with “mysterious” gel-like substance. Upon further investigation using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry, they found that the coating contained biological long-chain fatty acids, including palmitic acid and stearic acid.

“May be they paid special attention to the hair because they realized that it didn’t degrade as much as the rest of the body,” Nature Natalie McCreesh from the KNH Centre for Biomedical Egyptology stating.

However, it was found that the embalming materials used during the process of mummification were not found in the hair samples. This indicated that the hair was protected during embalming and then styled separately.

Edited By : IBTimes Staff Reporter
Posted by : Memphis Tours Egypt
Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955. 

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Luxor’s Avenue of Sphinxes is to be inaugurated in October

Avenue of Sphinxes and Luxor Temple, Egypt

Avenue of Sphinxes and Luxor Temple, Egypt

The avenue, built in the 30th Dynasty, has been somewhat neglected, but will be open to visitors later this year.

Although the development works in the Avenue of the Sphinxes on Luxor’s east bank is on hold due to lack of funds, it will be officially opened in October, according to original schedule.
“This is the only way to save such an avenue from further encroachment,” Mohamed Abdel Maqsoud, secretary general of the Supreme Council of Antiquities (SCA), told Ahram Online.

He explained that when the development works were put on hold, Luxor’s inhabitants trespassed in the area surrounding the avenue, which threatened the newly discovered antiquities there.

Archaeologists have unearthed a number of Roman buildings and workshops used for the manufacture of clay pots and statues, as well as several reliefs. One of the reliefs bears the cartouche of the famous Queen Cleopatra VII (51-30 BC).

When the avenue is opened to visitors, says Abdel Maqsoud, all encroachments will stop.

To help resume the development work at the avenue, which has already cost LE100 Million, the Ministry of Tourism has offered the SCA LE3 Million.

The 2,700-metre-long Avenue of the Sphinxes was built during the reign of Pharaoh Nectanebo I of the 30th Dynasty. It replaced one built in the 18th Dynasty, by Queen Hatshepsut (1502-1482 BC), as she recorded on the walls of her red chapel in Karnak Temple. According to this record Hatshepsut built six chapels dedicated to the god Amun-Re on the route of the avenue during her reign, which emphasises that it was long a place of religious significance.

Sadly, however, over the span of history the avenue was lost and subjected to destruction. Some of its sphinxes were destroyed, while those sections of the avenue that were distant from both temples were covered with sand and buried under random housing.

Within the framework of the Ministry of Culture programme to restore ancient Egyptian monuments, with a view to developing the entire Luxor governorate into an open-air museum, a project was planned in 2007 to recover the lost elements of the avenue, restore the sphinxes and return the place to how it was in the days of ancient Egypt.

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Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955 



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UN Secretary-General supports World Tourism Day 2011

UN Secretary-General supports World Tourism Day 2011

UN Secretary-General supports World Tourism Day 2011

The United Nations Secretary-General, Ban Ki-moon, has released an official message of support for World Tourism Day 2011, which will be celebrated on 27 September under the theme ‘Tourism – Linking Cultures’.

In his message, Mr. Ban recognizes tourism’s contribution to “global solidarity”, particularly in the face of current economic challenges and stresses that “tourism’s ability to generate socio-economic opportunities and help reduce the gap between rich and poor, is more important than ever”.

Mr. Ban further acknowledges tourism’s potential as a tool for peace in connecting communities around the world, emphasizing the “proven interaction between tourism and peace, human rights and understanding”.  The UN Secretary-General calls for the incorporation of the Global Code of Ethics for Tourism, a comprehensive set of principles adopted by the UN to guide tourism stakeholders, into sustainable and responsible tourism development.

World Tourism Day is celebrated across the globe to foster awareness of the role of tourism, particularly as a tool for economic growth and job creation, sustainability and poverty alleviation.  ‘Tourism – Linking Cultures’ is the theme for the 2011 WTD celebrations, highlighting the sector’s capacity for increasing intercultural dialogue, understanding and, ultimately, peace.

To celebrate WTD 2011, UNWTO has launched a photo competition and its first ever twitter competition.  Everyone is also welcome to share their own celebrations through the dedicated World Tourism Day map available on the World Tourism Day website. Official WTD 2011 celebrations will take place in Aswan, Egypt on 27 September and include a High Level Tourism Think Tank among several cultural activities by the host country.

Posted by : Memphis Tours Egypt
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Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955 

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Ashmolean Museum opens new Ancient Egypt and Nubia Galleries on 26 November 2011

Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England

Ashmolean Museum of Art and Archaeology) on Beaumont Street, Oxford, England



The Ashmolean Museum has announced the opening date of the new galleries of Ancient Egypt and Nubia (present day Sudan) on Saturday 26 November 2011.

This second phase of major redevelopment will redisplay the world-renowned Egyptian collections and exhibit objects that have been in storage for decades, more than doubling the number of mummies and coffins on display. The new galleries will take visitors on a chronological journey covering more than 5000 years of human occupation of the Nile Valley.

The £5 million project has received lead support from Lord Sainsbury’s Linbury Trust, along with the Selz Foundation and other trusts, foundations and individuals. Rick Mather Architects are leading the redesign and display of four existing Egyptian galleries and the extension into the restored Ruskin Gallery, previously occupied by the Museum Shop.

New openings link the rooms, presenting the collections under the broad themes of Egypt at its Origins; Dynastic Egypt and Nubia; Life after Death in Ancient Egypt; The Amarna ‘Revolution’; Egypt in the Age of Empire; and Egypt meets Greece and Rome.

Posted by : Memphis Tours Egypt
Reference: egyptologynewsnetwork.blogspot 

Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955 

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Two archeological pieces of Egyptian Museum found

Egyptian Museum

Egyptian Museum

Two Egyptian archeological pieces were found in the Egyptian Museum during an inventory check up of the Museum’ contents.

It was reported the two pieces were lost during the chaos on January 28, 2011, during the January 25 Revolution.

One of the pieces is a bed made of clay while the other is a wooden vase. Both pieces are dated back the Pharonic era, said a member of inventory committee, Raafat al-Nabarawy.

He said the workers found the pieces in storeroom IV of the Egyptian Museum. Consequently, all storerooms of the Egyptian Museum will be inventoried.

El-Nabarawy said the Museum employees did not find the pieces in their glass-case and so thought the pieces were lost. The lost pieces were registered in the list of lost monuments during the initial inventory.

By the time the committee finishes the inventory, a report will be submitted to the Public Prosecutor, Abdel Magid Mahmoud, who appointed the Committee to create an inventory of all pieces in the Egyptian Museum.

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Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955

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Green Gouna: Environmentally friendly holiday destination in Egypt

El Gouna is currently discussing their “Green Star” program with the Ministry of Tourism.

El Gouna is currently discussing their “Green Star” program with the Ministry of Tourism.

El Gouna Beach resort, located in Egypt’s Red Sea governorate, has been officially recognized as the country’s “most environmentally friendly holiday destination,” the company announced in a statement.

Egypt’s Ministry of Tourism recently announced the resort is expected to be “one of the world’s top green destinations by the end of 2011.”

The Gouna community now has a “zero-waste system,” whereby over 85 percent of all waste is recycled and reused.

“We see Gouna turning into a renewable energy laboratory,” said Sherife AbdelMessih, Chief Executive Officer of Future Energy Corporation. “Even things we can’t use are recycled, compressed, and turned into tiles for sidewalks.”

The city’s organic waste is used as fertilizer for plants and gardens.

“We want to do as much as we possibly can to minimize our carbon footprint on the environment,” said AbdelMessih.

To set standards as a model for environmental sustainability, El Gouna has adopted the “green initiative,” which aims to use renewable energy as much as possible.

According to AbdelMessih, El Gouna hotels and residents also use solar water heaters, which can be found on almost every building in the city. He hopes that more hotels and companies in Egypt adopt the same idea.

“Germany is one of the countries in the world with the most solar-energy movements, while in Egypt we have more sun and we don’t take advantage of this,” he said.

AbdelMessih added that solar panels are not as expensive as people make it seem to be, in the long-run, renewable energy is much more beneficial as fuel prices are increasing and fossil fuels are slowly diminishing.

“The government makes it easier and cheaper for people to use electricity, gas, and diesel, however we are slowly running out of fossil fuels, so we should take advantage of the renewable energy that we have.”

In the city, officials have already established a waste recycling plant, wastewater management systems, a water desalination plant, and installed recycling bins in all public areas.

There is also domestic water reverse osmosis with water saving nasals that help reduce consumption.

Instead of asking the government for a pipeline for water, El Gouna had ideas to treat seawater on-site in order to make the best of their resources.

“We are using the second highest capacity machines in the world to desalinate seawater,” AbdelMessih said. “It is the second now because it is expensive, but it’s expected to become the first in the world.”

Other steps that have been taken include the initiation of farming projects to grow organic products locally.

El Gouna farm was certified by Suolo e Salute, an Italian control and certification body for food industry and environment. Companies approved by Suolo e Salute are allowed to export their organic products directly to key markets around the world.

Suolo e Salute is also accredited by the United States Department of Agriculture for the USDA-NOP label and the Ministry of Agriculture of Japan as well as the Canadian Food Inspection Agency.

El Gouna’s fish farm, established in 2000, makes use of rejected water from the desalinating units. In the farm, there are 10 connected fishponds, three duck houses to help fertilize the farming water, and two separate shrimp ponds.

Adjacent to the fish farm, there are also ponds containing Acacia, Eucalyptus, and Mangrove plants, which can tolerate the desert climate and salty soil.

As a result of their sustainable programs, Green Globe International, a non-profit organization that promotes environmentally and socially responsible tourism, has awarded the resort.

In December 2010, El Gouna also received first prize for best environmental practices as private business from Saudi Arabia’s Environmental Management in a ceremony that was held at Bibliotheca Alexandrina.

El Gouna is currently discussing their “Green Star” program with the Ministry of Tourism. The program, which will rate hotels based on how environmentally friendly they are, is to encourage other hotels to start adopting greener policies.

AbdelMessih added that Egypt must start engaging more citizens in caring for the environment, as it will have repercussions later on if people to overlook their affects on their surroundings and resources.

“We want people to know that being environmentally friendly is not a luxury,” said AbdelMessih.

”For 20 years El Gouna has been adopting these practices, and it is now one of the greenest cities in Egypt and the Middle East, if one city can do it, I don’t see why the Egyptian government can’t start applying these practices elsewhere,” he added.

El Gouna, established in 1990, is owned and developed by Orascom Hotels and Development.

Posted by : Memphis Tours Egypt

Memphis Tours Egypt since 1955

Categories: Egypt Latest news, Egypt Travel | Tags: , , , , , , , , | Leave a comment

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