Hillary Rodham Clinton on Wednesday toured Cairo’s Tahrir Square, the epicenter of the popular uprising that toppled Egypt’s longtime autocratic leader last month.
Hillary Clinton in Tahrir Square
“It’s just a great reminder of the power of the human spirit and universal desire for freedom and human rights and democracy,” Clinton said. “It’s just thrilling to see where this happened.”
Surrounded by a heavy contingent of U.S. and Egyptian security guards, Clinton smiled, waved and shook hands with the Egyptian citizens who thronged her during her unscheduled 15-minute stroll through the square.
“To see where this revolution happened, after all that it has meant to the world, is extraordinary for me,” she said before entering a meeting with interim Prime Minister Essam Sharaf.
Clinton’s two-day visit to Egypt is aimed at encouraging the Egyptian people and their transitional leaders to hold true to the ideals of democratic reforms that propelled the revolution.
She is the highest-ranking U.S. official to visit Egypt since President Hosni Mubarak was ousted last month and she has pledged America’s support for the transition. Her trip underscores the Obama administration’s concern that gains made since last month’s ouster of President Hosni Mubarak may be lost to impatience or a hijacking of the political system by extremists.
Civic groups have raised fears that the timing of a weekend referendum on constitutional amendments and June parliamentary elections followed by a presidential vote are too rushed to permit a true representative democracy to emerge. Some believe the sequencing won’t give secular opposition groups enough time to organize into credible political parties.
The most organized opposition movement in the county is the Muslim Brotherhood, an Islamist party long banned by Mubarak. The brotherhood took a low-key role in the initial protests against Mubarak but is now seen as moving to take advantage of the space opened by the protesters in Tahrir Square.
Without mentioning any political parties, Clinton said the revolution must remain inclusive and urged Egyptians to build on the euphoria it spawned by embracing universal values.
“It was very exciting and moving for me to go to Tahrir Square and to have some sense of what those amazing days must have been like here in Cairo,” she told Sharaf at his office after the tour.
“I am so looking forward to helping in any way that we can in the transformation and all the work that needs to be done,” she said. “There is so much work to be done, but the United States stands ready to help in every way possible to translate what happened in Tahrir Square into (the) new reality of Egypt.”
On Tuesday, Clinton unveiled details of an economic support package aimed at helping to create badly needed jobs, mainly for Egypt’s exploding youth population, and spur foreign investment. In addition to an already announced $150 million being redirected to the transition and the financial sector, the aid will include tens of billions of dollars in credits and private-sector loans as well as the expansion of Egyptian facilities eligible to send duty-free exports to the United States.
While trying to help Egypt resolve some of its most critical economic woes, Clinton pleaded with Egypt’s transitional authorities, as well as private civic groups that played a leading role in the anti-Mubarak protests, to embrace reform guided by two key ideas: non-violence and national unity.
She applauded an announcement Tuesday of further dismantling of the hated state security apparatus and said Egypt now needs to prepare for free, fair elections to produce “leaders that will be able to respond to (your) aspirations.”
After her trip Wednesday to Tahrir Square and talks with Sharaf, Clinton moved on to a meeting with the chief of Egypt’s powerful Armed Forces Supreme Council, Field Marshal Hussein Tantawi.
She is traveling later Wednesday to Tunisia, where she will be bringing the same message. The success of Tunisia’s anti-government protests in January fueled similar revolts across the Arab world.
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Posted by:Shaimaa Ahmed