Mosque of Al-Refa’i
The Al Refa’I mosque (named in English the ROYAL MOSQUE)is located in cairo, Egypt, in Midan al-Qal’a adjacent to the Cairo citadel
The original site was occupied with small fatimide Mosque known as (Al- Zakhera) and a small Mosque of Hussin Al Refa’i.
This Mosque was founded by Lady Khushiar Hanim mother of Caliph Ismail. She founded the Mosque in 1869 AD, but the construction was stopped in 1880 AD. Later on, in 1905 the construction resumed and the Mosque was finished in 1911. The importance of this Mosque came from the burials of the members of the Mohamed Ali family within the Mosque.
The Mosque is almost rectangular in shape and it consists of two sections the 1st is the pray house and the 2nd is the royal tombs and mausoleums.
Mosque of Sultan Hassan
This Mosque was founded by Sultan Hassan son of An- Nasser Mohamed Ibn Kalowon. This Mamluk ruler ruled Egypt during two periods: from 748 to 752, then he was exiled to Syria, then he regained his throne and ruled from 755 to 762 and he was killed at Syria. He founded this Mosque during the 2nd period at 757 A.H. and he spent 3 years in the construction of this Mosque.
This Mosque is very important because it is considered as the Pyramid of Islamic architecture in Egypt and it has the biggest Qibla Iwan, the biggest Dekket El Mubalegh, and Korsi El Koran in the Islamic world, it has the largest Façade of the Islamic monuments in Egypt. The Dome of the Mausoleum has a unique design as it is located to the back of the qibla wall instead of being to the south.
Mosque of Al-Hakim
Located on the right side of bab el futuh in Islamic Cairo Is the magnificent al-hakim mosque named after the third fatimid caliph who became one of the most notorious despots ever to rule Egypt. The mosque was actually an enclosure of Gawhar Al-Siqilli, but was incorporated into the extended fortifications built by Badr al-Gamali.
The structure of the building followed the precedent of the mosque of ahmed ibn tulun being constructed on the principles of arcades with piers and pointed arches and also contained an intermediate space separating the mosque from the city around it. The mosque is constructed of brick with stone facades and minarets. Its irregular rectangular plan is composed of a rectangular courtyard, with a prayer hall whose arcades are carried on piers. The aisle leading to the mihrab is emphasized both in width and height. The termination of this aisle at the mihrab is marked by a dome carried on squinches, and domes mark the outer corners of the prayer hall as well.
Posted by: Yasmine Aladdin