It is the place chosen by Akhenaton on the eastern bank of the Nile to build the capital of his kingdom called Akht Aton (Horizon of Aton) for the worship of Aton which is represented by the Sun disk emitting rays which end with human hands bestowing life on the universe. This area still has monuments of the temple and places where Akhenaton and his wife Nefertiti lived, and also the royal tombs of which the most important are Huya and Mery Ra II tomb and the tomb of the high priest Mery Ra 1st. The story of the site outshines the site itself. There is really little to see of Akhenaten’s capital of the 14th century BCE (1374-1360), both due to effective demolition of his enemies but also because large areas are still unexcavated. Of some unknown reason or inspiration, did Akhenaten declare the worship of the formerly inferior sun-god Aten, as the only accepted cult. Aten was declared as the only god. In cases where a new god was made the leading god, priests would declare all other gods as his subjects. But not this time. They were declared powerless, they were stripped of their divine powers. Akhenaten would head the first known monotheistic religion in world history. The move to Akhetaten, “Horizon of Aten” can be explained in several ways. Most important appears the need to distance himself from Thebes, the leading cult center of Egypt and also the capital for centuries. The position, in the middle of his dominion, may also have served practical needs. The fact that at this place, the sun rises between two mountains forming a wide “V” may also have created an idea that ft was a holy place. But the move had made priests and princes unemployed and in some cases ruined. At no time would Thebes accept the new religion and capital. How the Akhetaten period ended is unclear. There are no good records on when and how, and even if, Akhenaten died. A mummy has never been found. He was succeeded by Smenkhkare, a person we know nothing about. He is by some suggested to have been Akhenaten’s wife Nefertiti ruling in the disguise of a man. Others suggest that Smenkhkare was Akhenaten gay lover, while Nefertiti had been placed in house arrest in her palace.
Visit Tel EI-Amarna sightseeings in El-Minya Egypt